World’s Oldest Authors of Philosophical Writing

The word “philosophy” is derived from the Greek word philosophia which means a “love of wisdom”. It can be described as the rational, abstract, and logical interpretation of reality. Philosophy has played a vital role in the world of literature and wisdom.

In this article, we will discuss the world’s oldest authors of philosophy writing from various corners of the world. From Greece to China, philosophy has travelled the world as humans have evolved throughout the years.

Here’s the list:-

1. Confucius

Born in 551 BCE, Confucius was one of the most famous philosophers, teachers and political figures of China. His teachings highlight social issues, justice, honesty and educational criteria.

Famous Works: The Analects, The Book of Odes, Book of Documents, Book of Rites

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2. Aristotle

Known as one of the greatest thinkers in politics and psychology, Aristotle followed Plato in his life. The Greek philosopher, born in 384 BC, later became a tutor to Alexander the Great.

Famous Works: Politics, Poetics, Metaphysics, On The Soul

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3. Plato

Born in 428 BC, Plato learned as a student from Socrates and later became a teacher of Aristotle. Plato was a rational philosopher who also established the Academy in Athens, Greece.

Famous Works: The Republic, The Trial and Death of Socrates, Apology, Charmides

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4. Socrates

Socrates, born in 469BC, is considered as Father of Modern Philosophy for his contributions to ancient Greek philosophy. As he could neither read nor write, most of his life is recorded by his students Plato and Xenophon.

Famous Works: The Memorabilia, The Symposium

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5. Dante

Dante was a medieval Italian poet, best remembered for his poetic trilogy, The Divine Comedy. Born in 1265, Dante is regarded as the father of the Modern Italian language.

Famous Works: The Divine Comedy, On Vernacular Eloquence

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